‘If Trump, Kim can meet’ then FIFA can have 48-team 2022 World Cup

first_imgGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup title Infantino, who will be unopposed for his re-election as the head of FIFA, floated the possibility of playing matches outside Qatar in order to accommodate the extra teams.Qatar has been in the midst of a diplomatic crisis for two years with its neighbors Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates, making a co-hosting option with those countries tricky to organize.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGolden State Warriors sign Lee to multiyear contract, bring back ChrissSPORTSCoronation night?SPORTSThirdy Ravena gets‍‍‍ offers from Asia, Australian ball clubs“It will be very difficult to organize it only in Qatar, because of the country’s geography, so we are wondering if we can play a few games out of the country,” Infantino added.“The geopolitical situation is complex but I see that Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un met today, so that means that anything is possible.” Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award One Last Dance: Dwyane Wade’s insane buzzer beater and the rest of NBA’s reaction Tom Brady most dominant player in AFC championship history Gretchen Barretto’s daughter Dominique graduates magna cum laude from California college The FIFA chief also said that the Women’s World Cup will change the perception of women’s football, 100 days from the start of the tournament, which is being held in France between June 7-July 7.“I am convinced that after this World Cup, the way women’s football is looked at around the world will change,” he said.“We expect a billion viewers and 1.3 million fans in the stadiums. Media interest is very high and women’s football deserves it.”ADVERTISEMENT Rogue cops marked as Gamboa’s targets in his appointment as PNP chief FIFA President Gianni Infantino poses with the official ball of the 2019 Women’s World Cup during a press conference at the end of the FIFA Executive Football Summit in Rome on February 27, 2019. (Photo by Alberto PIZZOLI / AFP)FIFA president Gianni Infantino said Wednesday that world football’s governing body is still pondering a 48-team 2022 World Cup in Qatar, saying that “anything is possible” following Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un’s summit in Vietnam.“I think it’s worthwhile having a look at the idea and trying (to implement it). Obviously it won’t be easy, but we’ve already made the decision to have 48 teams for 2026, so why not before?” Infantino said at FIFA’s final Executive Football Summit of the season, held in Rome.ADVERTISEMENT Ginebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup title Eugenie Bouchard’s bid for Australian Open spot ends in qualifying Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next LATEST STORIES Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Japeth Aguilar wins 1st PBA Finals MVP award for Ginebra Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil View comments Will you be the first P16 Billion Powerball jackpot winner from the Philippines? MOST READlast_img read more

Yellow fever immunisation required for Asian, African entry into Guyana

first_imgFollowing the recent outbreak of yellow fever in Angola, several countries have imposed the requirements for vaccination against the disease for travel 10 days prior to arrival.Guyana, as a part of the Latin American region with risk of yellow fever is listed as one of the countries whose residents would be required to be immunised and issued with a yellow fever certificate prior to travel.With the presence of the vector that transmits yellow fever and an uncertain “salvatic” environment in the hinterlands, it is advisable that persons travelling from countries listed as endemic for yellow fever (mainly in Africa and Asia) should also be in possession of a valid International Certificate of Vaccination or prophylaxis on arrival in Guyana.The countries listed as endemic are mainly from the African continent and does not include countries in North America, Europe, Central America and the Caribbean.Yellow fever is a viral infection transmitted by a bite from infected mosquitoes, most commonly found in parts of South America and Africa. When transmitted to humans, the yellow fever virus can damage the liver and other internal organs and be potentially fatal.There is no specific treatment for yellow fever, but the symptoms can be treated while your body fights the virus. Headache, high temperature and muscle pain can be treated using pain relievers such as paracetamol or ibuprofen. Infected persons are urged also to drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration.Other symptoms of yellow fever include jaundice, nausea, vomiting and fatigue.Yellow fever kills 30,000 people globally each year. Yellow fever vaccination is typically administered only in areas where the disease is endemic.For further clarification, persons can contact the Public Health Ministry on telephone number 226-1560 or visit their office located on Brickdam.last_img read more

Mourinho hails ‘amazing’ Sanchez

first_imgSubstitutes Jesse Lingard and Romelu Lukaku added late gloss to the scoreline as United ran out comfortable winners against their fourth-tier opponents.“Alexis Sanchez is a fantastic addition, everyone is happy that he comes,” said a delighted Mourinho. “Good players want good players. The question is always which one is going to be left out, it is not about that for us.“We have a fantastic group of attacking players and he is another one with more maturity and experience. His choice for the second goal is a choice that a player like Marcus Rashford is too nervous to make that kind of decision. He brings maturity and class.”Fresh from signing a contract extension with United, Mourinho put out a much-changed side for the fourth-round clash in his 100th competitive match in charge but the visitors still had far too much firepower for Yeovil.Sanchez lined up alongside Michael Carrick at Huish Park, with the veteran midfielder making his first start since September after he received treatment for an irregular heart rhythm.It was the second time the sides have met in the Cup in four seasons and United were desperate to avoid an embarrassing slip-up against a side fighting for their lives in the bottom reaches of League Two.United dominated possession early in the game but were unable to create many clear-cut chances despite a potent-looking forward line featuring the likes of Sanchez, Rashford and Juan Mata.– Sanchez sharp –Sanchez, wearing United’s iconic number seven shirt, looked sharp on the left side of the attack, drifting into central areas to orchestrate United’s attacks and taking some knocks from the rugged hosts.Seconds after he shot narrowly wide from the edge of the area, he was involved in the build-up to the opening goal, releasing Rashford on the edge of the box.Rashford lost control of the ball but a disastrous defensive mix-up in the home-side’s penalty area gifted the 20-year-old forward with a clear opening, and he made no mistake, giving United the lead five minutes before half-time.The football was scrappy after the interval, with the rotated United line-up struggling to find attacking rhythm but they extended their lead with half an hour to go, with Sanchez again central to the move.The Chilean carried the ball forward during a United break and fed Herrera, who finished impressively with his left foot.United began to find their fluency in the latter stages, with the in-form Lingard and Lukaku adding the goals to reflect United’s superiority.Elsewhere on Friday, Sheffield Wednesday beat Reading 3-1 in an all-Championship clash.On Sunday, Pep Guardiola’s Manchester City, who remain on course for an unprecedented quadruple, have a tough challenge against Championship high-fliers Cardiff while Chelsea face Newcastle.In another all Premier-League tie on Saturday, Liverpool host West Brom while Nottingham Forest’s reward for dumping out champions Arsenal in the third round is a trip to Hull.0Shares0000(Visited 2 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Manchester United’s striker Alexis Sanchez gestures during the FA Cup fourth round football match against Yeovil Town January 26, 2018 © AFPLONDON, United Kingdom, Jan 27 – Jose Mourinho hailed new signing Alexis Sanchez after he delivered a man-of-the-match performance to fire Manchester United into the fifth round of the FA Cup with a 4-0 win against lowly Yeovil Town on Friday.Sanchez was named in the starting line-up just days after he signed for United from Arsenal and was involved in the build-up to the first two goals, scored by Marcus Rashford and Ander Herrera.last_img read more

Arsenal boost: German sensation out of Champions League clash

first_imgBorussia Dortmund’s Marco Reus has been ruled out for a month with the ankle ligament injury he suffered during Germany’s 2-1 win over Scotland on Sunday.The 25-year-old will miss Dortmund’s Champions League ties with Arsenal and Anderlecht as well as up to five Bundesliga encounters due to the injury.The Germany international was ruled out of this summer’s World Cup after he damaged ankle ligaments immediately prior to the national team’s departure for Brazil in June and the latest injury affects the same ankle.A statement on the Bundesliga club’s website on Monday confirmed: “A scan carried out by BVB’s club doctor Markus Braun at Dortmund’s Knappschaft Hospital on Monday revealed that Reus suffered a sprained ankle as well as a partially torn ankle ligament and is expected to be sidelined for four weeks.” Marco Reus 1last_img read more

GAA NEWS: GLENSWILLY U16s PIPPED BY MALIN IN LEAGUE FINAL

first_imgThe monthly meeting is on tonight August 26th at 9pm. Anyone who has to collect tickets for the Donegal game can do so tonight at the clubhouse from 8 to 9pm.The Under 16 boys played last night in the Division 2 league final v Malin but unfortunately lost out by 1-5 to 6 points, but they are now getting ready for the championship with a home tie v Urris next Monday Sept 1st at 7pm.Our Under 13s are at home in the league this Wednesday 27th against Gweedore at 7pm. This comes on the back of a hard fought victory away to St.Michaels last Wednesday. The Annual Summer Camp took place at the Club last week and by all reports was a fantastic success with all the children having a great time. Well done to Karen and Louise for all their hard work.The Third team are in the Junior B Championship this Saturday August 30th against Naomh Ultan. The game will be held in Glenties with a throw in of 7pm. Hopefully the boys can go one step better than last year and reach the final, all support would be much appreciated on the night.Finally, the Club would like to wish our three County men Michael, Neil and Cormac the very best of luck against the Dubs this weekend.GAA NEWS: GLENSWILLY U16s PIPPED BY MALIN IN LEAGUE FINAL was last modified: August 26th, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Glenswilly GAA noteslast_img read more

Chelsea have ‘finalised’ signing of teenage defender

first_img tense 1 REVEALED How the Premier League table could change after the Boxing Day fixtures silverware Boxing Day fixtures: All nine Premier League games live on talkSPORT gameday cracker REVEALED How Chelsea could line up against Southampton – what system will Lampard play? Which teams do the best on Boxing Day in the Premier League era? crackers possible standings Premier League Team of the Season so far, including Liverpool and Leicester stars Chelsea are set to sign Ekwah Elimby from Nantes, according to reports.Elimby is a 16-year-old defender who has won 13 caps for France at youth level, and has been tracked since May by Chelsea.center_img Brown’s half-time antics, eight-goal thrillers… relive these Boxing Day classics Elimby has been capped at youth level by France Where Ancelotti ranks with every Premier League boss for trophies won possible xi England’s most successful clubs of the past decade, according to trophies won shining He played with Nantes’ Under-17 side last season, and the deal taking him to Stamford Bridge is reportedly close to completion.Ouest France say Elimby was in London last weekend to ‘finalise’ his move, with Chelsea set to pay Nantes £1.8million (€2m) for the teenager. smart causal Every current Premier League club’s best kit from the past decade Green reveals how he confronted Sarri after Chelsea’s 6-0 defeat at Man City Latest Chelsea news Elimby came through the famous Clairefontaine academy, which has helped develop the likes of Thierry Henry, William Gallas, Blaise Matuidi and current France superstar Kylian Mbappe.Elimby is likely being brought to Stamford Bridge to join Chelsea’s successful academy, which has won each of the last five FA Youth Cups.last_img read more

The best job in America?

first_img AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORERose Parade grand marshal Rita Moreno talks New Year’s Day outfit and ‘West Side Story’ remake Three-day workweek with as many extra paid days off as desired. And work that – if often demanding and stressful – also is personally satisfying and provides high status and invitations to great parties. But as the nation’s best-rewarded City Council gets ready to unwrap yet another perk – a proposed 20 days time off from regular council sessions next year – some may wonder: Just how much is too much? “I would say it is, indeed, the best job in America. Just think about it: good pay, few hours, and most delicious of all the privilege of spending other people’s money,” said Jon Coupal, president of the Howard Jarvis Taxpayers Association. “I don’t think taxpayers are being served, given the perennial problems with (the city) budget,” he added, referring to L.A.’s spending habits that have left it scrambling to close a $250 million budget deficit next year. It could be America’s best job. Pay far higher – $149,159 – than colleagues’ in other big cities, where the weather is far worse. A staff of about 20 each and a $1 million annual budget. A car of choice, with gas paid for, along with a free cell phone. In Chicago, Alderman Burton Natarus represents 85,000 downtown constituents – compared with the 250,000 constituents that L.A. council members average. But Natarus said he gets by fine on $95,000 a year with a five-person staff, driving his own car and paying for gas and maintenance out of his own pocket. Of Los Angeles council members’ perks? “Too big and extravagant,” he said. San Francisco Supervisor Tom Ammiano does double-duty representing about 50,000 district constituents and the county on $90,000 a year – with two staff members and a $5,000 budget. But Ammiano said he wouldn’t trade. “You have to live in L.A.” to get L.A. council members’ perks, he quipped. “That comes with a big price … the traffic. We have San Francisco as a jewel.” Subhed: SALARIES Among perhaps the most-tangible benefit of running the City of Angels is the salary. Under a voter-approved provision that ties their pay to that of Superior Court judges, council members’ salaries have jumped by more than 26 percent since July 1999. That’s about 50 percent more than New York council members’ $90,000, though committee chair and other leadership stipends can add up to $20,000 more. It’s more than Chicago’s 50 aldermen, most of whom will make $98,125 next year. It’s also more than San Francisco’s supervisors, who make $90,731 a year. And it’s more than San Diego council members, who get a base salary of $75,386. But Los Angeles Councilman Ed Reyes said the salary comes with a price: more constituents with more intractable issues than anywhere else in the country. “It’s always greener on the other side of the fence,” Reyes said. “I’d love to see them do the job for $150,000.” In defense of the salary, Councilman Bill Rosendahl noted that he took a pay cut when he left the cable industry for his council seat. “The bureaucracy makes more money than we do,” he said. Councilman Dennis Zine, just back from a National League of Cities conference last week in Charlotte, N.C., noted that houses there cost less than $250,000. “Look at the cost of living (here),” he said. “Here you can’t get (a house) for less than $500,000, and $55,000 is low income.” Councilwoman Wendy Greuel added that while the pay is good, council members sometimes work around the clock. That sentiment was echoed by Councilman Greig Smith, who said he’d “love to be paid by the hour” – a rate that Councilman Eric Garcetti figured might run $38 an hour. Jan Perry, for example, said she sometimes e-mails Councilman Bernard Parks on city business at 1 a.m. – and gets an immediate answer from the councilman also burning the midnight oil. “Which is kind of sad on some levels,” she said. Subhed: TIME OFF The salary comes on top of time off from council meetings that has grown from nine and a half days in 1997 to a proposed 20 days next year. That includes recesses to attend conferences for the California League of Cities, currently headed by Council President Alex Padilla, and its national counterpart. Garcetti, who said he routinely puts in 80-hour weeks, defended the emphasis on conferences, saying they inspire new ideas and are crucial in fighting for federal and other funds. Some council members do opt to skip the conferences or are selective. Greuel, for example, took a red-eye flight to one conference to spend a single day on a transportation topic. And some members also concede that the proposed 20-day recess next year may be too much. Councilman Smith suggested sending only small delegations to important conferences in order to maintain council quorums at home. Several times this past year, so many members were absent that the council failed to obtain a quorum to be able to work. But most council members said they work hard during their recesses, tackling committee, district and other issues. “It’s not like everything closes down,” said Parks, who said he only takes time off for a two-week winter vacation to Mexico each year. Technically, council members don’t get vacation or sick days – but they easily can get excused from council with permission from their colleagues and a courtesy e-mail to the clerk. Through the end of August this year, City Clerk records show council members, on average, missed about 11 days of council meetings – not counting recesses. Councilwoman Janice Hahn had the worst attendance, with 27 absences. She said they were work-related, including district issues outside chambers, lobbying in Sacramento, testifying on port and other issues, and meeting with the governor. Council members Reyes, Parks and Perry had 17 misses each; Jack Weiss and Tony Cardenas, 13 each; Tom LaBonge, 11; and Padilla, 10. Reyes said that often programs for seniors and kids are at the same time as council meetings, and he is committed to attending many of those events. Parks said he mainly missed for National Football League meetings and during his bid for mayor, while Perry said she had to attend competing South Coast Air Quality Management District meetings. LaBonge said his misses came while he was leading delegations to Japan, Vancouver and lobbying Congress. Ultimately, Herman Landry, the council’s LAPD sergeant at arms for the past 13 years, said the council president sets the tone for attendance and other matters. Landry harkened back to the legendary late Council President John Ferraro who, he said, ran the tightest council ship in recent history. “He was more firm,” Landry said of Ferraro. “He was here so long, people had more respect what had to be done … like (former President and Senate Majority Leader) Lyndon Johnson, where anything he wanted done he got in Congress.” Padilla, he added, has been “a little more lenient.” Padilla – who describes the job as “anything but cushy” – said he makes sure the council runs efficiently while treating his colleagues like adults. “City Council is not kindergarten. You don’t need a note from your doctor, or your teacher,” Padilla said. “It’s about showing up for the job voters elected us to do.” subhed: STAFF AND BUDGET In running the city, every council member has a staff of around 20, as well as a budget of roughly $1 million for the year. Chicago’s aldermen – some of whom hold other jobs, and do more work in committees with just one or two full council meetings per month – have a staff of three and an expense account of about $33,000 annually. In San Diego, council members who meet twice a week and represent about 150,000 constituents each – compared to L.A.’s thrice-weekly meetings and 250,000-constituent workload – have eight to 10 staff members. “It sounds nice to have that big a staff,” said George Biagi, spokesman for San Diego Councilwoman Toni Atkins. “The mayor here has only 25 to 27 and this is the seventh-largest city.” Perhaps one consolation, though, is that San Diego’s eight full-time council members get even more “legislative breaks” from council meetings than in L.A.: 16 weeks out of chambers slated for next year. San Diego Councilman Jim Madaffer said those breaks allow council members to visit their districts. “It’s time to spend with the community; we’re not out vacationing on the beaches of Hawaii – or San Diego.” He said the council decided not to pursue higher salaries because, at a time when city employees are being asked to do more, he said it wouldn’t “be too good to set that example.” Still, L.A. council members generally bemoaned the size of their staff, and its pay, saying field staff generally earn in the $40,000-a-year range. Council members use part of their $1 million budget to pay for their and their staff’s cell phones, which this year ran to a total for the council of nearly $100,000 through the end of October. Those bills included personal calls, and council members reimburse those amounts. Late Friday, the clerk’s office provided a list of reimbursements for personal calls for council members and their staffs including Greuel ($91), LaBonge ($230), Perry ($21), Smith ($687) and Garcetti ($605). Meanwhile, to get around town, there’s the city car of their choice, costing up to $32,815 for Jan Perry’s 2002 LS Lincoln, with city gas and maintenance tossed in. Only Councilman Weiss drives his own vehicle – a Jeep Grand Cherokee – but he does get city gas. By contrast, San Diego council members – paid a $75,386 base, with a flexible benefits package worth about $8,575 annually – get an auto allowance of $800 per month. For newly minted Councilman Jose Huizar, the resources are relished after his recent stint as Los Angeles Unified school board president. There, he represented a district more than twice the size of his current council district – but with a salary of $24,000 and a staff of four. “I really appreciate the available staff to respond to my constituents’ concerns,” he said, beaming. Beth Barrett, (818) 713-3731 beth.barrett@dailynews.com 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more

LETTERKENNY HOSPITAL HIT WITH €200K FINE FOR WAITING LISTS

first_imgLetterkenny General Hospital has been ordered to pay more than €200,000 in fines for failing to reach its waiting list times.Letterkenny General HospitalThe HSE has issued the fines to hospitals across the country.All but two have been hit. The fines have been issued to all acute hospitals for failing to comply with the 18-month waiting list target since June 2015.The biggest fine of almost €1.8 million is being levied on Galway University Hospital.Fines will be spread out over five months, and if hospitals improve their performance they will be spared a fine the following month.LETTERKENNY HOSPITAL HIT WITH €200K FINE FOR WAITING LISTS was last modified: October 13th, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:fineLeterkenny hospitalwaiting listslast_img read more

Is Science Free of Miracles?

first_img(Visited 34 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 “No miracles” is a favorite phrase by an evolutionist who finds that perplexing puzzles in nature always “yield to evolutionary thinking.”Don’t understand the origin of human language?  Curious how crows can fashion tools to get food?  No miracle; “evolutionary thinking” can explain it.  That’s the attitude of Russell Gray (U of Auckland), who was highlighted in Science Magazine this week.  A “man of enthusiasms,” Gray is on a roll, gaining popularity among many for his skill at submitting complex problems to evolutionary explanations.  Virginia Morell portrays him as a modern-day Newton of evolutionary theory:Although the full list of Gray’s enthusiasms would fill this page, suffice it to say that evolutionary biology is at the top. Using its principles, Gray, an evolutionary biologist and comparative psychologist at the University of Auckland, has helped crack open two areas—animal cognition and historical linguistics—long regarded by many as black boxes, impenetrable to the scientific method.This has to be good if he succeeded where Darwin himself failed.  Pointing to Dawkins’ book The Selfish Gene as his student-days’ inspiration, the biologist noted early on the power of evolutionary theory “to explain many things.”  When faced with natural puzzles, “We don’t have to just wave our arms,” he says.  “There are no miracles“—a favorite phrase of his, often shortened to “no miracles.”  Evolution is here as the universal explanatory toolkit.  Take the theory and run with it; that’s his approach.Gray’s early work involved finding evolutionary relationships between seabirds in New Zealand by comparing their behaviors, and assuming that behaviors evolve in the same way as genes.  Later, when confronted with linguistic puzzles, he grabbed his handy-dandy evolutionary toolkit:For Gray, “it didn’t seem a huge leap to think of human languages in the same way. … Words are inscribed, in their shape and form, with a powerful record of the past.” Growing up in New Zealand, he had heard Polynesian languages, including Maori, Tongan, and Samoan, and just by listening he could tell that they must be closely related. As with the seabirds’ behaviors, he suspected that the Pacific Island languages had come about through “some kind of descent with modification.” His key insight: “Words are just like genes,” in that they resemble each other because of shared ancestry.Gray’s anatomy of “evolutionary thinking” is to use the same kind of software that evolutionary geneticists use to try to tease out ancestral relationships among animals.  When he used phylogenetic software on words instead of genes, some surprises popped out:Gray took the analysis further: He realized that the sophisticated software designed to trace genetic lineages could be applied to languages. In 2000, he and a colleague published a Nature article using language trees to test competing hypotheses about the settlement of the Pacific by people speaking ancestral Austronesian: a rapid “express train” of peoples who spread from Taiwan across the widely scattered islands in a few thousand years, or an “entangled bank” of Austronesian and other speakers who mixed more slowly over a longer period. Using 77 Austronesian languages and 5185 words and phrases, they found that Taiwanese languages were the oldest, and that their spread matched that of express train settlement, with Indonesian and coastal New Guinean languages hiving off before those in New Zealand and Hawaii.“I was just delighted when that paper came out,” says Pagel, who also studies the evolution of language. “He showed that you can test questions of human history with linguistic data.“His method, though, relies on an analogy between words and genes.  Arguably, words are under the control of human minds, whereas genes are less so.  His method is not without critics.  When Gray used the software to locate the origin of Proto-Indo-European language (PIE) in Anatolia instead of in the steppes of central Asia, critics appeared:Many linguists disliked both the results and the methods. “It’s hard to overstate just how contentious my linguistic work is,” Gray says. “People at linguistic conferences have left the room when we present our results.”The critics disliked his use of glottochronology, which they claim is a discredited method.  They also disliked his use of “relaxed clocks” (sometimes called “rate heterogeneity”) to get things to fit better.  Despite these concerns, Morell thinks most linguists will be using his method in coming decades.The Crow BarHow does Gray get rid of “miracles” by studying the tool-making skill of New Caledonian crows?  Part of his work has been empirical: studying the cognitive limits of the birds’ abilities with variations on puzzle-solving experiments.  His main theme, though, is to apply “evolutionary thinking” to any question:Gray intends to keep his New Caledonian crow project going, too. In his view, the field of animal cognition suffers from the same deficiency as linguistics once did: “Its theories haven’t been sufficiently shaped by evolutionary thinking.” Researchers often discover one or two species doing something clever and immediately “compare them to humans. That’s not thinking like an evolutionist,” he says. Instead, Gray and his team seek intermediate steps, devising tests for the crows that reveal mental limitations as well as talents.This quote reveals that Gray’s anatomy of “miracles” is not religious; he uses the word “miracle” in the punctuated equilibrium sense: any sudden leap over a gap without “intermediate steps” tractable by mutation-selection theory.  “Thinking like an evolutionist” to him means imagining plausible intermediates, and envisioning the ancestral forces that connect them.  In the case of crows, he found that the birds do not approach puzzles in the same way as humans.  “So, no, she isn’t thinking about the problem exactly like we would,” Gray says. “And we shouldn’t expect that. That’s not the way evolution works.”As Gray continues his rise to fame, he looks forward next to analyzing the language patterns on the Fijian island of Vanuatu.  As with everything else, he expects Darwin’s theory to unlock any mysteries he may encounter.  “It [Vanuatu] has the greatest density of languages; it’s like the Galapagos of language evolution, and we’re going to find out why,” he says. “I can guarantee you, it’s not a miracle.”Gray is fooling himself.  Everybody is a supernaturalist, and every scientist believes in miracles.  Before we offer our commentary, can you explain why?  Can you explain the strengths and/or weaknesses of evolutionary explanations?  Can you describe what “evolutionary thinking” entails?  Try your hand at analyzing Gray’s evolutionary approach to science.  Does it really lead to more understanding?  As with any discussion, it’s always wise to begin by clarifying definitions.Update 9/23/14:  OK, we gave you some time.  If Gray believes in logic, truth and integrity, he believes in concepts that must be timeless, eternal, necessary, and certain.  Conclusion: he believes in the supernatural.  If he believes that everything proceeded from a big bang without a cause, that life originated by chance against the laws of probability, that multicellular organisms arose without purpose, that all the animal body plans exploded onto the scene without transitional forms, or that human cognition emerged from neurons, then he believes in miracles.  The only difference is his miracles are ruled out by the laws of probability, while theists believe that miracles, though rare (otherwise they would be called “normals”) proceed from an intelligent God for His stated purposes.Evolutionary explanations can explain anything, even opposites (see “The Story of Evolution” in the 12/19/07 commentary).  Using imagination, anybody can concoct a story about how something evolved (see confabulation in the Darwin Dictionary).  “Evolutionary thinking,” therefore, is synonymous with confabulating; it is the opposite of science, which should rely on observability, testability, and repeatability.  Why did the crow evolve toolmaking while the dove did not?  Simple, the evolutionist says: Stuff Happens.  Isn’t science wonderful!We should distinguish between variability and evolution.  Everyone, even the strictest young-earth creationist, knows that living things vary (look at dogs, for instance).   We should expect language to vary over time, because intelligent human people groups isolated from one another come up with different ways to express things in their environment that they find useful.  That is not Darwinian evolution.  Evolution in the sense Gray and other Darwinians use the term is defined as the universal common ancestry of all living things by the mindless, purposeless, unguided processes of mutation and natural selection—no intelligence allowed.  We have shown many times this is equivalent to the Stuff Happens Law.  It neither explains, nor provides understanding; it’s storytelling masquerading as science.All this should be review to our regular readers.  If you are new to Creation-Evolution Headlines, learn these lessons well.last_img read more